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金昌地区循环农业模式构建分析

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本篇文章目录导航:

【题目】金昌地区循环农业模式构建分析
【绪论-第{代写亚博英超--任意三数字加yabo.com直达官网就找Saylun.Com原创亚博英超--任意三数字加yabo.com直达官网网,QQ:56.2239.41}一章】循环农业文献综述
【第二章】农业循环经济研究区概况与研究方法
【第三章】金昌市循环农业发展现状
【第四章】金昌市循环农业建设对策
【第五章-参考文献】某市农业循环发展建设研究结论与参考文献

  摘要

  
  金昌市属全国重点缺水和资源型缺水城市之一,探索金昌节水循环农业,对缓解当地用水矛盾及城市转型发展具有重要意义。本研究采用文献资料查阅和问卷调查相结合方法,收集了金昌市农用地、耕地、牧草地面积,化肥和薄膜用量、猪牛羊存栏数、就业分布、居民收入及农业产业化组织等资料;调查了:1)3个主要农业园区的政府重视程度、园区间合作、园区企业间的沟通周期、园区员工培训和流动性及职工对园区发展建议,2)4 个典型企业的政府重视程度、企业间合作、主要循环农业结构及需解决问题等;3)4 个代表性行政村农民对循环农业认识程度、发展意愿及主要问题等。从市级、园区、企业和行政村 4 个尺度,对金昌循环农业发展现状、存在问题及发展对策进行分析,并提出金昌市循环农业发展对策,为金昌循环农业发展提供理论依据。
  
  金昌市循环农业发展存在如下主要问题:1)政府对于企业发展循环农业重视程度和政府宣传力度不足。2)园区与园区之间合作少,对于企业人员培训不重视,园区和企业人员流动性较大。3)企业循环农业产业结构单一,产业链条短,经营风险大,技术人才匮乏,农业标准化滞后,缺乏创新。4)企业发展循环农业意识薄弱,龙头企业引导作用不强,企业产品销售仍用传统模式。5)企业与农户的合作机制缺乏,农户缺少发展循环农业的经验和技术;农业生产以分散经营为主,农业规模化和机械化经营难以开展;产品销售以实体渠道为主。
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  金昌市循环农业发展对策:1)政府搭建平台,加强园区、企业和农户之间的融合;优化整合园区和企业资源,解决相互之间合作少问题。2)延伸企业产业链,促进资源综合利用;加强秸秆和废弃物使用,提高资源利用率。3)推广多元用水模式,提升水资源利用效能。4)强化政府和企业职能,发挥人才效能;扩大乡镇农技人员队伍,加强对农户的教育引导。5)完善宣传渠道,发挥网络优势;采用“互联网+”模式,企业产品实行网络销售。
  
  关键词:城市转型;循环农业;发展模式;发展对策
  
  Abstract
  
  Jinchang is one of the serious and resources-induced water shortage citiesnationwide, so it’s of great significance to explore the Jinchang circular agriculture foralleviating the contradiction of local water use and transformational development. Weused the way of literature review unified with questionnaire survey, collected theinformation about the area of agricultural, arable and pasture land, fertilizer and filmcontent, the number of pig, cattle and sheep in stock, employment distribution,income and agricultural industrialization organization and so on; We investigated that:
  
  1) the level of attention from government to the 3 main agricultural parks, cooperationamong parks, the communication cycle between the enterprises in the parks, stafftraining in the parks, mobility of employees and the employees' suggestions to thedevelopment of the parks; 2) the level of attention from government to 4 typicalenterprises, cooperation among enterprises, main structure of circular agriculture andthe problems need to be solved; 3) the awareness level of farmers from 4representative administrative village on circular agriculture, development will andmain problems. We analysed the development status, existing problems anddevelopment countermeasures of circular agriculture in Jinchang at the city, park,enterprise and administrative village scale, respectively, and proposed thecountermeasures to develop the circular agriculture, providing theoretical basis for thedevelopment of circular agriculture in Jinchang.
  
  The problems in the development of circular agriculture in Jinchang were asfollows: 1) The government paied less attention and publicity to the development ofcircular agriculture; 2) There were little cooperation among parks, neglecting thetraining of employees and the great mobility of employees in the parks and theenterprises; 3) There were single industrial structure of the enterprises, short industrialchain, big operation risk, lack of technical talents, agricultural standardization lagging behind and lack of innovation; 4) the enterprises' awareness to the development ofcircular agriculture was weak, the leading role of the leading enterprises was notstrong, the sales of product took traditional channels generally; 5) Enterprises andfarmers were lack of cooperation mechanism. Farmers were lack of experience andtechnology in developing circular agriculture. Agricultural production took mainlydecentralized management, agricultural scale and mechanized management weredifficult to carry out and product sales were based on substantive channels. Thecountermeasures for developing circular agriculture in Jinhang were as follows: 1)The government should set up a platform to strengthen the integration among parks,enterprises and farmers, optimize and integrate the resources of parks and enterprises,and solve the problem of less cooperation; 2) Extend the industrial chain forpromoting the comprehensive utilization of resources,strengthen the use of straw andwaste, and improve the utilization of resources;3) Promote multiple water use modelsto improve the efficiency of water resources utilization. 4) Strengthen the functions ofthe government and enterprises and play the talents efficiency; Expand the team oftechnical staff in township and strengthen the education and guidance to the farmers;5) Perfect publicity channels and play advantages of network; Took the "Internet plus"mode and achieve internet sale of enterprise product.

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